There are same basics that the home user should know that will help them with internet security. While software is a great help in regards to computer security, if a user takes the right precautions, then they won't have to rely solely on security software to protect them.
Giving out information - This seems obvious to some people, but others don't think about it in regards to computer security. Do not give out your personal information, especially if you do not know what the website is for. For instance, you are browsing the internet and you get a pop up asking for your internet banking password. Do not give this out; this is likely someone who is going to try and hack your system and your bank account. A quality antivirus program can help prevent the hack, but if you give out the password, you are undermining your security software.
Email Attachments - Hopefully everyone knows that internet security means not opening any strange or suspicious emails, but with more people getting onto the internet, this rule may not be observed. If you receive an attachment you were not expecting, do not open it. You can let your security software scan it to see if it is safe, or better yet, contact the sender to see if it was something they sent. A lot of viruses and other dangerous programs can get past antivirus software in this fashion.
Updates - Run the updates for all your internet security programs and your operating system. These updates contain fixes with the internal security systems, or other updates to the security program. These updates do not cost anything, as they are part of the price you paid when you purchased your antivirus security software. Antivirus software updates are not difficult, as these can be set to run automatically when they are released. If you are not sure if the security software automatically runs an update, then check the settings of your internet security program. You may also find a spot within the program where it tells you when the last update was run.
Passwords - Make your passwords more complicated and harder to remember for security purposes. This does make things harder for the user, but it also makes them harder for the person trying to hack into your system and steal your information. Computer gurus say not to use your pet's names, children's names or birthdays. A good password in regards to security should include words and numbers.
One of the biggest things you can do in regards to your internet security is that if you are not sure about something, do not run it. While your internet security system should pop up if there is an issue, they are not always 100% accurate, especially if it has been a while between updates.
As the Global Convergence of Information or Internet is increasing its span, so are the security threats related to it. Internet Security is the most important aspect that everyone using the internet should understand. I'll here provide few important tips to keep yourself secure and protect your Information from Security threats.
1. Latest Anti-virus software:-
Everyday New threats and Viruses are being discovered and to cope with that you need to have a latest version of the Anti-virus software. Even to make your Version of Anti- Virus software effective, you need to update it with latest updates available. There are Lots of Anti- Virus Software available in market, both free and paid. Some of the Popular and trusted Anti -virus software are Norton (Symantec), Panda, McAfee etc.
2. Anti-Spyware Software:-
Now-a-days having Anti-virus software only is not enough. To enable yourself to be secure from Internet Security threats you also need a Anti-spyware software. Spyware programs are different from viruses in a way that unlike virus it does not alter the way in which your machines works or corrupt any data but it installs itself on your machine to send important data like passwords, SSN, Credit card numbers stored on your machine to its server. So in order to detect spyware programs & prevent one from getting into your machine you need latest Anti-spyware software. Popular spyware software's are Spyware Doctor, AdAware and Microsoft Anti-spyware.
3. Password protection advice:-
Passwords are the most important aspect of various online accounts. They provide access to online accounts and enable you to perform various activities linked with account like shopping, emailing, online transactions etc. Keeping your password secure is like keeping money secure. Never keep same passwords for different accounts. Never keep password's that can be guessed or password relating to your personal's like telephone number, date of birth etc. Use long Password's consisting of both letters and digits and may be some special characters. Always Access Websites Related to your password directly by opening a new webpage and never through a link in email or provided otherwise.
4. Apply Latest Updates & Patches:-
No software installed on your system is perfect for life. Vulnerabilities are bound to be found out in each one of them. So always apply the latest updates & patches to the software. These updates and patches are made available from time to time by the software manufacturer.
If possible try to Use a firewall to prevent hackers from attacking your system and find out vulnerabilities in your System. Firewall blocks traffic not authorized to access your PC. Firewall enables you to access internet securely and prevent unauthorized applications and people from accessing your PC. Some well Known Firewall Software's are - Norton Internet Security & Zone Alarm.